How is cataract removed?
A cataract is removed by manual or laser techniques. Laser cataract surgery is the commonest method of cataract removal in this era. The manual incision surgeries are rarely done now, though still maybe occasionally used for very hard/mature cataracts.
What people routine refer to as laser cataract surgery, is actually a procedure called “Phacoemulsification”. (Phaco=lens) In this procedure, the eye is first numbed or anaesthetized. The cataract is first broken down into smaller pieces/fragments and then removed with a vaccuum cleaner like mechanism of the instrument.
Since the incisions involved are all under 3mm, they do not require any stitches and undergo self healing. These incisions are usually made with a blade of a microsurgical instrument.
The recent trend of laser cataract surgery has gone one step further and makes sure even the incisions are made with laser. This ensures an all-laser cataract surgery, and increases the accuracy and precision of the procedure.
Your doctor will prescribe you certain medications for the eye to be put before and after the surgery. It may take upto a few days for your vision to regain perfect clarity.
Dr. Kareeshma Wadia routinely performs laser cataract surgery regularly. Speak to her for more details on what is the best option for you.
Dr. Kareeshma performing Phacoemulsification Cataract Surgery